I wish all my readers a happy, healthy 2022.
New knowledge of Covid-19 often suggests new policies that contradict existing policies. A prime example is the early advice not to wear masks, soon reversed to make masks mandatory. Many journalists called this an illogical flip flop, while others praised it for basing action on the latest and best knowledge. It now appears that despite, or maybe because of the omicron variant we are close to the limit of public tolerance for lockdowns and other such coercive policies.
Wearing masks and social distancing are still required. Masking may be somewhat helpful, but of limited value in avoiding infection because most people wear cheap, leaky masks and often ignore social distancing in busy places like grocery stores, or among the 10,000 cheering spectators at a recent Toronto basketball game.
We now know that infection is transmitted not only by visible droplets but also through invisible aerosols, exhaled for up to 27 feet, even by talking and laughing. These aerosols can float in indoor air and be circulated by heating and AC systems. Thus, 6 feet of distance sporadically observed, with the typical loose masks, may be as much a symbolic gesture as highly effective infection prevention. But it is still popular to insist that responsible citizens must exhibit their concern for the safety of others by masking and social distancing, and, of course, by full vaccination of the remaining unvaccinated.
I personally comply with the masking and social distancing guidelines for whatever benefit they may provide. I am also not opposed to getting vaccinated if it makes sense for the person to do so. At my age and medical condition it made sense for me to get two shots and a booster as soon as they became available. But I am not you, and your situation may differ.
Should Vaccination Be Coerced?
Full vaccination is now required, even if you have had the virus, recovered, and now have stronger natural immunity than the vaccine can provide. Why, for the naturally immune? This coercion is not based on current medical knowledge but on collective moral symbolism. We have a duty to be good citizens, so prove your goodness by getting vaccinated, whether you need it or not.
It is one thing for government officials to recommend that every adult should have two jabs plus boosters. It is quite another to require it, as a necessary condition for admission to work, university or other important places. We now know that vaccination doesn’t prevent either being infected or transmitting infections. However, it can reduce the severity of illness of those infected who are not asymptomatic.
In response to the question “What’s in it for me to be vaccinated?” the answer is clear. If I become infected I’m less likely to become severely ill or to die. In response to the question “What’s in it for society if I am vaccinated?” the answer is less clear.
Although vaccination won’t prevent infecting others or being infected, it may reduce — somewhat — the likelihood of transmitting infection or being infected. But the societal benefit of mandatory vaccination depends on a number of factors, not just the percent of the population vaccinated, such as: the percentage of infected people who develop symptoms, the severity of illness caused by the current variant, peoples’ ages and other comorbidities, and the unknown long-term risks from the briefly tested vaccines. If my vaccination won’t prevent me from infecting you, and won’t even prevent me from getting a breakthrough infection, then the social benefit of mandatory vaccination is unclear. If, with omicron, the primary benefit of vaccination is for the vaccinated individual rather that for protecting others from infection, then the case for mandatory vaccinations of the small, remaining unvaccinated portion of the Canadian population is now much weaker; likewise, the case for mandatory vaccine passports (except perhaps for international travel).
Forecasters at the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation have made predictions for the US which may be proportionately somewhat similar for Canada:
“We are expecting an enormous surge in infections … so, an enormous spread of omicron,” IHME director Dr. Chris Murray said [on December 22]. “Total infections in the U.S. we forecast are going from about 40% of the U.S. having been infected so far, to having in the next 2 to 3 months, 60% of the U.S. getting infected with omicron.”
While meta-analyses have suggested previous variants cause about 40% of cases to be asymptomatic, Murray said more than 90% of people infected with omicron may never show symptoms.
These researchers also estimate that out of the millions of projected new daily infections, only about 400,000 cases may be reported, as most Americans (and probably also most Canadians) infected with the virus won’t feel sick and may never get tested. They estimated that the infection-hospitalization rate of omicron is about 90% to 96% lower than delta, and the infection-fatality rate is about 97% to 99% lower. If they are right, that is cause for optimism.
“In the past, we roughly thought that COVID was 10 times worse than flu and now we have a variant that is probably at least 10 times less severe,” Murray said. “So, omicron will probably … be less severe than flu but much more transmissible.”
Modeling also suggests that omicron could peak in mid- to late January in the US, with case rates steeply declining — and activities becoming correspondingly safer again — in February. Canada may be on the same timeline.
Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at the University of Saskatchewan, told Vox that the key determinant of when the pandemic ends globally is how long it will take to make vaccines accessible around the world (and to combat ongoing vaccine hesitancy). Currently, we’re not vaccinating the globe fast enough to starve the virus of opportunities to mutate into something new and serious.
Rasmussen is also modifying her own behavior in light of omicron, though she emphasizes that’s not the same as going back to a spring 2020-style lockdown:
“We have a lot more tools at our disposal for dealing with this than we did in March 2020.”.
Although 87.25 % of Canadians age 12 and older are fully vaccinated according to health-infobase canada, compulsory vaccination of everyone remains a popular policy. Why? Because many people have strong resentments against the unvaccinated. As 29 million Canadians were put through the clinic lineups, the jabs and the post-vaccination symptoms, so should everyone else be, they believe, because:
- only selfish people will shirk their social duty to be vaccinated,
- don’t let the shirkers get away with it, make them get vaccinated.
Balancing Individual Rights with Collective Rights
Every person has the right to control the medical interventions that a government may impose upon our bodies. But there is also a collective social need for safety from dangerous and persistent pandemics. Elected officials have the difficult responsibility to set and adjust the appropriate balance between individual rights and collective rights that give rise to public duties. This collective rights idea for public safety is not neo-Marxist, it goes as far back as Roman law. The maxim “Salus populi suprema lex esto” is Latin for: “The safety of the people should be the supreme law.” That is found in Cicero’s De Legibus (written around 45-50 BC).
That said, however, compelled medical treatment via injection is profoundly invasive for a democracy, especially when the average Canadian death rate from Covid-19 to date is relatively low (apart from those with comorbidities like age over 70, diabetes or serious heart disease) and is likely to be even lower with omicron. Theoretically, the death rate could have been a lot higher if many countries hadn’t taken extreme measures like lockdowns, but that would be difficult to prove, given the experience of Sweden, which imposed no lockdowns and kept the schools open, but didn’t have an extraordinary death rate.
Deaths With/From Covid Versus Excess Deaths From All Causes
Excess deaths are calculated by comparing deaths from all causes this year minus expected deaths based on the average of the previous five years. I have been unable to find good recent data for Canada on how many total excess deaths there have been during the pandemic, from strokes, heart attacks, cancer, opioid addiction, mental health problems and other illnesses as well as from/with Covid. People have avoided going to emergency rooms for fear of catching Covid, and hospitals have had to keep delaying or cancelling essential treatments. Consider a person with a cancerous brain tumour that doesn’t yet need emergency surgery, but when it has grown to that emergency level the surgery may be too late. A policy that address solely Covid-19 deaths and largely fails to reduce total deaths may, literally, kill more people than it is saving.
The Weakening Case for Mandatory Vaccination
The usual policy explanation for the high level of coercion with Covid-19 is that we should exercise an abundance of caution. But how much caution is enough? As the pandemic continues, the benefits of coercive caution may decline, while its human costs rise. And an abundance of caution often has an abundance of costs. As it is difficult to argue against something as vague as caution, coercion in the name of caution is too easy a path to more coercion. Continued coercion creates habituation to coercion, by those doing the coercing as well as those receiving it. The coercion habit may be difficult to break after legitimate justification for coercion has passed.
The downhill toboggan ride to increasing coercion is accelerated by scary media stories of Covid case numbers, presented out of context. Words like a “spike” in cases to describe an omicron infection increase over the recent brief lull in infections is misleading. The so-called “spike” may also be the result of the sudden increase in the availability of test kits. If X tests last month showed 10 % positive and 2X tests this month show 10 % positive we would have twice the number of cases without any change in infection rates. Similarly, the story of the “surge” in the number of hospitalizations from omicron is compared to a recent lull in hospitalizations. But the current number of ICU cases is nowhere near the previous peak. This shows decreasing, not increasing risk, calling for less coercion, not more of the same.
Is There Light at the End of the Omicron Tunnel?
Governments can’t coerce what they can’t control. Ironically, the rapid infectiousness of the omicron variant may create an unintended decrease in coercion. That’s because the suddenly increased demand for testing has exceeded even the recently increased supply of test kits. If health officials can’t determine who, or how many, are infected they have lost control.
As Robyn Urback explained in her Globe & Mail column of January 1, 2022, if you woke up this morning in Canada with Covid-like symptoms:
Just assume you have COVID-19, says Ottawa’s Medical Officer of Health, B.C’s Provincial Health Officer and others, and good luck to you if you require a test to return to work. On Pandemic Day Eleventy-Billion, the most we [public officials] can offer is a presumption and a prayer.
It is now up to you to phone your contacts and let them know that you probably have COVID-19 and to inform them that they probably should isolate and/or take a test if they can afford it. Quebec’s National Director of Public Health, Horacio Arruda, announced more than a week ago that the province was transitioning to self-management for contact tracing and some testing, since it could no longer keep up with the exponential spread of the Omicron variant. Local health authorities in Ottawa, Kingston and Hamilton have issued similar notices.
It’s up to you guys now to control the spread of this thing. Yes, the federal government’s once massively touted, multimilliondollar COVID Alert app still exists, but authorities stopped singing its praises months ago, and with that lapse in attention went any lingering usefulness of an app that only works if it is continuously used and updated……..
Indeed, this “you’re on your own phase” of the pandemic is bearable only because citizens aren’t dying by the hundreds or thousands. …. [because Omicron does not appear to result in severe illness as often as its predecessors did.]
2021 was a year of abundant caution and abundant coercion. Looking ahead to 2022, although the omicron numbers in no way justify throwing caution to the winds they do justify reducing its abundance and reducing the resulting coercion. Covid-19 is not the only serious health problem our society faces, and all the rest have been ignored for far too long.
Experience from previous virus pandemics would suggest that viruses morph from pandemic pathogens to become “endemic” sources of disease within a year and a half or two of emerging. (According to Wikipedia, an infection is endemic in a population when it is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. For example, chickenpox is endemic in Canada, but malaria is not.) But a different virus could mean a different pattern of evolution.
Ongoing mutations of more infectious but less severe Covid-19 variants will probably not be eliminated any time soon, so we will have to learn to live with them. Only time will tell whether our recently acquired coercion habit can be broken, with a return to a more normal balance between private rights and social needs.
Categories: coronavirus, COVID-19, Deaths, Emergency, Government, Pandemic, Politics, public official, socialism, Uncategorized
Thanks for calmly laying out the trade-offs between social and individual benefits, and the weaknesses in the “social good” argument in this case, where vaccination does not prevent infection or transmission. In my opinion, the only justification for restricting the unvaccinated in any way is the potential effect on the health-care system of having too many seriously sick people. I am also seriously disturbed by the new tone of disparagement that I see in some politicians including our Prime Minister, who said that the unvaccinated are likely also to be racists and misogynists. Fostering these attitudes does not contribute to a civil society.
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Many of the unvaccinated are healthcare workers. Many of these are women, many not white. I would seriously doubt that these are either racists or misogynists. Apparently our Prime Minister is using the typical stereotype of the right wing anti-vaxxer to attack those who disagree with his policies. This is the same Prime Minister who tried to get away with putting Parliament on ice for two years so that he could do whatever he wanted.
My concern, both during and after Covid, is with this PM’s schemes euphemistically labelled “Build Back Better”, or “The Just Transition” for massive increases in fuel costs of all types in the pursuit of net-zero 2050. I will have more to say about this over the next few months.
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The following article, quoting a prominent Doctor in South Africa, reinforces the points you made in your article.
https://covexit.com/omicron-policy-implications/ Omicron Policy Implications A. Implications of Omicron for Public Policy. Vaccines. As Omicron is a mild variant, and that the vaccines don’t protect much for it, it’s non-sensical to further push for vaccination as a response to this variant. covexit.com
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Thanks Bob. This is a good article and a good source of information. I originally got the idea for the above blog post from an interview I saw on Lockdown TV with Freddie Sayers interviewing a South African engineer who had studied the earlier omicron information available in South Africa but not yet in North America. His view also was that omicron infection was will quickly peak and fall away, causing relatively minor harm. Of course that is no guarantee that future mutations will be as benign as omicron, but it is reasonable to hope that they will be because that is what has happened with other viral pandemics.
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Alas your wisdom will be ignored. Politics nowadays, like religion, is only about good and evil, sin and redemption, fear leading to panic, and virtue signaling masking hypocrisy. You previous commentator seems only to have just discovered that even the Prime Minister plays this game. He always has and the electorate swallows it whole.
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Timely post, Andrew.
Up to now, I had been arguing that vaccination did in fact reduce transmission: even if a breakthrough infection in a vaccinated person was just as transmissible as an infection in an unvaccinated person, the vaccinated people were much less likely to get infected in the first place. So there would be fewer infections to transmit on to others. Ontario data showed this consistently: infection rates per 100,000 unvaccinated were several-fold higher than for vaccinated.
But with Omicron, the rates of infection are now, for the first time, higher in the vaccinated than in the unvaccinated. This likely represents different age distributions and behaviours of the two groups: vaccinated people are the ones being allowed to enter restaurants, concert venues, and sports arena where they get exposed. And as of Wednesday in Ontario, these places will be closed indefinitely anyway! Obviously, vaccination mandates did not help these outfits stay open.
So I have to acknowledge that there is now no longer a “public-goods” rationale for social pressure to get vaccinated if the goal is merely to reduce case counts: it won’t work, and case counts don’t matter any more anyway. If the goal is to merely to reduce pressure on the health-care system by reducing ICU demand, vaccination levels will have to reach very high levels given a virus as contagious as Omicron. But 95% coverage still leaves 750,000 unvaccinated. If all these people catch Omicron, as they probably will, and 0.5% of them need ICU, (a deliberately low guess), that’s still 37,500 ICU admissions. We could not begin to cope with that.
So we are locking down again, solely to protect the health care system, just like we did in 2020. This is a form of medical tyranny, where one specific sector of society is given primacy over every other consideration, including educating our children. (The difficulty is that ICU beds are deliberately scarce in Canada, and Covid patients stay in them for weeks and often months. Choices have consequences.)
Better would been to accept that several hundred people, mostly unvaccinated, are likely to need ICU at any one time and many of them will die, but the rest of society could function normally until this is all over. Australia is taking this path. No one lives forever.
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“Many of the unvaccinated are healthcare workers. Many of these are women, many not white. I would seriously doubt that these are either racists or misogynists.” No, but they are predominantly Seventh-Day Adventists, Seventh-Day Baptists and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Can you explain that away?
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I refuse to believe that if a Jehovah’s Witness refuses to be vaccinated that would make him a racist or a misogynist.
Of the total Canadian population of 37.7 million, Jehovah’s Witnesses represent 167,000, or approximately 0.4 percent. Seventh-day Adventists and Seventh-Day Baptists probably represent even smaller percentages. Yet 12.75 percent of Canadians over the age of 12 remain unvaccinated. I don’t know whether all of the members of all of these faiths would refuse to be vaccinated but even if that was the case it wouldn’t make much difference to the numbers.
It also wouldn’t justify the Prime Minister insulting people who for various reasons, including religious beliefs, don’t wish to be vaccinated by calling them misogynists and racists. Using the same logic or illogic, would that also mean that there are no racists or misogynists among the 87.25 percent of Canadians over the age of 12 who did choose to get vaccinated? I would prefer to think that one’s attitude towards vaccination has little or nothing to do with either racism or misogyny.
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You bring them up as a point of reference but make it about the PM. Many members of these”churches” do not get vaccinated yet again you make it about the PM.
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It was you who first brought up Jehovah’s Witnesses and other religions, not me. My point in response to you was that these religions had such a small total membership that they could not have any significant influence on the number of people unvaccinated, even if all of the members of these religions refused to be vaccinated. But that is an entirely different point from the Prime Minister insulting the Canadian, people most of whom are not members of these religions by calling those who declined to be vaccinated nasty names like racist and misogynist, without any evidence that that is the case.
In his National Post column (https://nationalpost.com/opinion/john-ivison-trudeau-and-other-partisans-should-rein-in-the-rage) yesterday, John Ivison referred to Justin Trudeau’s comments in his “appearance on a TV show with host Julie Snyder during the fall election that have come to the fore again in the English media this week. During the mid-September interview, Trudeau said anti-vaccine protesters did not believe in science and were often misogynistic and racist. “They are a small group that occupy a loud space and a decision needs to be made: do we tolerate these people?” he said.”
That is the kind of hyperbolic slander I object to. And that has nothing to do with Jehovah’s Witnesses or any other religion.
Ivison went on to say (and I agree):
“As we enter the new year, Canadian politicians and partisans should look south and resolve to rein in their rage. As author and former Trudeau adviser Dan Gardner urged on Twitter this week, speak of the other side as opponents, not enemies, “fellow Canadians with whom you disagree, not an existential threat to all you hold dear. The language of enemies is an existential threat.””
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I talked to my GP last week (he also does rotations in hospital emergency.) He thinks that Omicron might be the best the medical community could hope for in a mutation. In the population he serves, he ranks Omicron as not as bad as a bad flu but worse than the common cold.
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We seem to be lucky with omicron. Let’s hope the next mutation is not worse.
A welcome, balanced approach.
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